Saturday, May 5, 2012

Rawhide (1960)

The western series Rawhide is generally remembered for three things: 1) being the vehicle that launched Clint Eastwood's career, 2) a memorable hit theme song sung by popular singer Frankie Laine, and 3) the catch phrase "Head 'em up, move 'em out." Otherwise, it's hard to see why this series would stand out above dozens of other westerns from the same period or would last for almost eight seasons (1959-65). The series originated when CBS, feeling it needed a counterpart to the highly successful Wagon Train  on NBC, approached producer and former pulp-fiction author Charles Marquis Warren, who had adapted the movie Gunlaw in helping to create the TV program Gunsmoke  and who had recently directed the western feature Cattle Empire. Not surprisingly, Warren came up with the idea of a show based on a long, difficult cattle drive that contained several similarities to Wagon Train. Both shows feature a cross-country journey where the main characters meet and are forced to deal with issues from a variety of people along their path. Both feature a tough-as-nails but ultimately fair leader (Ward Bond played wagon master Seth Adams on Wagon Train; Eric Fleming played trail boss Gil Favor on Rawhide). Both feature a younger, attractive second-in-command romantic interest (Robert Horton played scout Flint McCullough on Wagon Train; Eastwood played ramrod Rowdy Yates on Rawhide). Both feature a cook who is the butt of the others' jokes (Frank McGrath played good-natured Charlie Wooster on Wagon Train; Paul Brinegar played irascible G.W. Wishbone on Rawhide). And both include a dependable, level-headed secondary assistant to the boss (Terry Wilson played trail-hand Bill Hawks on Wagon Train; Sheb Wooley played scout Pete Nolan on Rawhide). Even the titles of the episodes have a formula on both shows--On Wagon Train each episode is the story of one or more characters on the train or whom the train meets, for example, "The Colter Craven Story," whereas on Rawhide each episode is an incident, for example, "Incident at Red River Station." 

But despite the assessment of some that Rawhide was more realistic and Wagon Train more of a soap opera, Wagon Train is the superior show for several reasons. First, it has a more organic arc for each season, wherein the season begins with Adams and his crew assembling another cross-country trek from Missouri to California, with each episode's location tracing the journey from the midwest to the west, the last episode ending in the trail's final stop of San Francisco. By contrast, Rawhide presumably traces a cattle drive from San Antonio to Sedalia, Missouri, but there is rarely any indication of where the drive is located in a particular episode and they don't reach their final destination until the middle of Season 3. Second, while Wagon Train also derives many plots from outsiders met along the way, there are also many stories based on travelers within the wagon train. These seem more natural and less contrived than the fact that everytime the wagon train or cattle drive meets someone or one of its members goes into a town, they have, create, or encounter a problem that has to be solved. Third, and perhaps most important, the events and challenges of a disparate group of people who would become the settlers (to use a Caucasian-centric term) of this country is inherently more interesting and significant than a group of 20-25 cowboys driving cattle to market. Keeping 3,000 cows marching in the same direction is not, in and of itself, particularly interesting. Still, the show was popular enough with the viewing public to rate #6 for the 1960-61 season (with Wagon Train weighing in at #2), and, as mentioned above, it did run for 7½ seasons (Wagon Train lasted for 8 full seasons). But it also began to fade rather quickly, falling to #13 in 1961-62, then #22 the following year, and out of the top 30 the year after that, as America began diversifying its taste beyond just westerns.

Warren based the concept for the show not only on his film Cattle Empire but also used as sources Borden Chase's novel The Chisolm Trail, which also served as the source for the John Wayne hit film Red River, and a diary from 1866 written by drover George C. Duffield. It has been suggested that this last source explains why many episodes begin with a brief observation or aphorism, usually delivered by trail boss Gil Favor, though occasionally delivered by others, that sums up a philosophical conclusion about life on a cattle drive or human nature in general. However, more often than not, these opening aphorisms have little bearing on the plot for that episode. Another distinguishing characteristic of the show is the resistance by Favor to act as a lawman or judge when faced with a legal or moral dilemma, unlike his Wagon Train counterpart or just about any other western lead character with a gun. In the episode starring Frankie Laine as a reformed but never arrested stagecoach company robber, "Incident on the Road to Yesterday" (November 18, 1960), Favor does not immediately turn Ralph Bartlet over to the authorities once he learns of his past. Instead, he helps Bartlet carry out his own form of repentance before turning himself in. In "Incident of the Arana Sacar" (April 22, 1960), Favor again says that he is no lawman after Mary Ann Belden shoots bad-guy Pagan dead in retaliation for beating up her husband; he suggests that she shot in self-defense. Even Rowdy Yates gets into the act in "Incident of the Silent Web" (June 3, 1960) when an escaped convict named Chaney asks him to allow him to make a clean getaway after saving Rowdy's life by shooting an assailant. Like Favor, Rowdy insists that he is no lawman, but a bounty hunter then rides up to take Chaney in. Unlike most other westerns, whose lead characters are dispensers of justice, Favor is a businessman first and an unwilling arbiter only when forced. His main motivation is getting cattle to market in the best shape possible to draw the highest price for the 200 or so owners who have entrusted their stock to him.

The other ingredient in smaller supply on Rawhide than on other westerns is romance. Even though Eastwood's Rowdy Yates is the show's prime non-bovine beefcake, he rarely gets so much as a kiss from the ladies he encounters. He awakens the young woman in tomboyish teenager Wilhemina "Willie" Carst in "Incident of the Night Horse" (February 19, 1960), driving her to impulsively kiss him after he shows her some manly tenderness, but in the end he leaves her with only a perfunctory goodbye kiss as he rides off with the drive. He also shares a kiss with proper British heir Laura Ashley, but her heart really belongs to her father's foreman Mr. Winch in "Incident in the Garden of Eden" (June 17, 1960). He also flirts with saloon girl Emerald Carney, even pretending to be engaged to her, in "Incident at Poco Tiempo" (December 9, 1960), but only to dissuade a young nun from leaving the sisterhood on his behalf. Favor himself has a few encounters, exchanging a kiss and an embrace with the mystical and doomed Maeve Lismore in "Incident of the Druid Curse" (January 8, 1960), becoming the object of desire for young gypsy dancer Shezoe in "Incident of the Dancing Death" (April 8, 1960), and falling for but never getting to kiss Julie London's society singer Ann Danvers in "Incident at Rojo Canyon" (September 30, 1960). But the one who comes closest to marriage is trail cook Wishbone, who decides to settle down in the small town of Iron City and open a restaurant with widow Mrs. Spencer in "Incident of the Deserter" (May 6, 1960) before finally realizing that he would miss life on the cattle drive too much.

The other male characters on the drive, drovers Jim Quince, Joe Scarlet, and Teddy, are largely nondescript underlings or occasionally foils for Favor, as when Quince in "Incident of the Arana Sacar" disobeys Favor's orders about visiting a nearby trading post for some liquor, which results in the entire herd being temporarily stolen until Favor, Nolan, and Rowdy realize that they have only been duped about the herd's location. And in "Incident at Superstition Prairie" (December 2, 1960), Teddy defies Favor when it appears that the entire drive will be slaughtered by Comanches, only to have Favor push him into a ditch where he discovers a temporarily missing stream that saves the day. The character of cook's assistant Harkness Mushgrove, whom the men call Mushy, is largely a foil for head cook Wishbone to rail against. Mushy is one of the more backward characters in TV history: he not only cannot read, but has never heard of champagne or an eclipse. Yet the show's creators must have felt the need to demonstrate that he has some redeeming qualities by the second and third seasons because he wins the admiration of a traumatized 12-year-old girl in "Incident of the Silent Web" by gently taking care of her runaway puppy, and he is able to prove that he is man enough to remain with the drive in "Incident of the Captive" (December 16, 1960) when his mother shows up to take him back home.

The rousing theme song for the series was written by legendary soundtrack composer Dimitri Tiomkin. Tiomkin was born and trained in Russia, moving to Berlin and then Paris before coming to New York in 1925 to play with vaudeville acts. After the stock market crash of 1929, he moved to Hollywood, hoping to become a concert pianist until he broke his arm and then decided to focus on composing. His big break came when Frank Capra chose him to compose the score for Lost Horizon in 1937, and from there his career took off, resulting in 22 Oscar nominations and 4 wins--best score for High Noon, The High and the Mighty, and The Old Man and the Sea and best song for "High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me)," whose lyrics were written by Ned Washington, author of the lyrics for the theme for Rawhide. The Rawhide theme is sung with typical bombast by popular singer Frankie Laine, who had been a chart topper since 1947 and had a string of three straight #1's in 1949-50. While the Rawhide theme failed to chart in the U.S., it did reach the #6 position in the U.K. The scores for individual episodes were usually not credited, though Leith Stevens (The Wild One, The Five Pennies) is credited for the score on "Incident of the Dancing Death."

The first four seasons have been released on DVD by CBS/Paramount.

The Actors

Eric Fleming

Born Edward Heddy, Jr. in Santa Paula, California, Fleming suffered an abusive childhood that caused him to run away from home at age 9. After living in hobo camps and resorting to a life of petty crime to survive, he reunited with his mother during the depression but dropped out of school and worked odd jobs until joining the Navy and becoming a Seabee during World War II. During his stint with the Navy, he suffered severe facial injuries that required extensive plastic surgery. After the war he took up acting, appearing in plays and musicals on Broadway before relocating to Hollywood and appearing in B-movies like Queen of Outer Space, starring Zsa Zsa Gabor. Being cast as Gil Favor on Rawhide was the highlight of his career. After the series ended, he appeared in The Glass Bottom Boat with Doris Day and then began filming an adventure TV movie High Jungle for MGM in 1966. While shooting on location in Peru, Fleming's canoe overturned and he was swept away and drowned at the age of 41 on September 28, 1966. He was buried at the University of Peru in Lima.

Clint Eastwood

An icon who needs no introduction, Clint Eastwood, Jr. was born in San Francisco in 1930, the son of a migrant steelworker and a factory worker. While attending Oakland Technical High School, he was encouraged to study drama but was not interested. He had engaged in competitive swimming in high school and was hired as a lifeguard by the Army, stationed at Fort Ord, California, during the Korean war. While on leave he was aboard a bomber that ran out of fuel and crashed in the ocean; he and the pilot swam 3 miles to shore. Later, he was spotted at Fort Ord by Chuck Hill when Universal Pictures was filming at the base and was eventually given a screen test by Arthur Lubin and signed to a contract, though he had no visible acting skills. He had a few small parts in films and TV before being cast as Rowdy Yates on Rawhide, a role that he did not really enjoy because of the character's simplicity. However, after Eric Fleming turned down an offer to star in unknown Italian director Sergio Leone's western A Fist Full of Dollars, Eastwood was given an opportunity to star and accepted, seeing it as a path out of Rawhide. Though the film and its two sequels, For a Few Dollars More and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, were critically panned when finally released in the U.S. in 1967, they proved very popular with American audiences and launched Eastwood's immensely lucrative film career, which in his later years has transitioned to equal success as a director, winning the Oscar for Best Director and Best Picture in 1992 for Unforgiven and in 2004 for Million Dollar Baby.

Even outside his film career, Eastwood's life has included considerable success and controversy. A registered Republican since 1952, he has supported both Republican and Democratic candidates, opposed American wars in Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq, served one term as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, during which he advocated for environmental causes, and has publicly declared himself pro-choice and in favor of same-sex marriage. In his personal life, he is reputed to have had many affairs with actresses Catherine Deneuve, Peggy Lipton, and Inger Stevens, to name a few, an acrimonious split from Sondra Locke, a long non-marital relationship with Frances Fisher, and his current second marriage to former anchorwoman Dina Ruiz. He learned to play piano and has composed scores for several of his more recent pictures, and his son Kyle is a successful jazz bassist. He also is an avid golfer, owner of a golf club in California, a hotel and restaurant owner, and a helicopter pilot.

Sheb Wooley

Born in Erick, Oklahoma, Wooley pursued a duel career as a cowboy and rodeo rider and as a country-western musician before he began landing movie roles in 1950. He appeared as the character Ben Miller in High Noon in 1952 and began making appearances on western TV series throughout the 50s like The Cisco Kid, The Adventures of Kit Carson, and The Lone Ranger. He also had a role in the Texas epic Giant in 1956 before being cast as scout Pete Nolan on Rawhide. But his most notable achievement musically was the #1 novelty hit "The Purple People Eater" in 1958. Though his many other novelty attempts failed to repeat that success, he nonetheless had a long and successful music career, both under his own name and as Ben Colder, often spoofing popular hits, as on "Hello Wall No. 2" in 1962, "Harper Valley P.T.A. (Later That Same Day)" in 1968, and "Shaky Breaky Car" in 1996. He also appeared under the name Ben Colder as a drunken country songwriter on both The Muppet Show and Hee-Haw, whose theme song he composed. He was instrumental in the musical development of singer-songwriter Roger Miller, also from Erick, OK, and after his Rawhide days he continued appearing in films, most notably in Eastwood's The Outlaw Josey Wales and in the role of the principal Cletus in Hoosiers. As a voice actor, he is credited with a sound effect known as the Wilhelm Scream, which has been used in over 149 films. He was diagnosed with leukemia in 1996 and died in Nashville on September 16, 2003.

Paul Brinegar

From Tucumcari, New Mexico, Brinegar began his film career with small, usually uncredited roles beginning in 1948, including brief appearances in Young Man With a Horn, Pat and Mike, and A Star Is Born. Occasional TV appearances began in the mid-50s, including three turns as Pete on The Loretta Young Show before landing a regular role as Mayor Jim "Dog" Kelly on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp. His appearance in Cattle Empire paved the way for his role as G.W. Wishbone on Rawhide, and though this was the longest-running and most notable role of his career, he was later cast as Jelly Hoskins on Lancer from 1968-70 and as Lamar Pettybone on Matt Houston in 1982-83. His last appearance was as a stagecoach driver in the feature-length film version of Maverick in 1994. He died from emphysema in Los Angeles at age 77 on March 27, 1995.

James Murdock

Born David Lee Baker in Bloomington, Illinois, he reportedly adopted the name Murdock when setting out in his acting career because he thought it had a tough-guy sound that would land him roles playing the heavy. Ironically, his role as the mentally slow Mushy on Rawhide was directly opposite of that. Other than his 200 appearances as Mushy, his filmography on is incredibly scant--single appearances on Have Gun Will Travel, Gunsmoke, The Monroes, and Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, all from 1958-66. This is at least partly because he later went back to using his given name of David Baker in the 1970s, appearing in the films Some of My Best Friends Are, Airport 1975, and The Godfather: Part II. After a marriage that produced two children ended in divorce, he had a long-running non-marital relationship with actress Julie Harris. He died of cancer on December 24, 1981 at age 50 in Los Angeles.

Steve Raines

Born in 1916 in Grants Pass, Oregon, Raines became a stunt rider on the rodeo circuit in the 1940s and early 50s, traveling across the country and even to South America, later recounting that he sometimes couldn't even afford the hospital bills for injuries incurred riding broncos and bulls. He later actually worked on cattle drives from Texas to Wyoming, where he then worked as a hunting guide and was hired to act as Alan Ladd's stunt double for the movie Shane. That good fortune led to a long career in movie and TV westerns, including The Adventures of Kit Carson, Brave Eagle, and The Roy Rogers Show. Like Brinegar, he appeared in Cattle Empire, which led to a regular role when Rawhide was first cast. He stayed on the show through its entire run, even co-writing the episode "Incident at Rojo Canyon." After the series ended, he continued appearing on westerns such as Gunsmoke, Bonanza, and The Virginian into the 1970s. He died at age 79 back in his hometown on January 4, 1996.

Rocky Shahan

Born Robert Ray Shahan in Corinth, Texas, he grew up on a cattle farm and was, like Raines, a rodeo bronco buster after high school, by which time his family had moved to the city of Denton. During World War II, he served as a cavalry instructor at Fort Riley, Kansas, and after the war began appearing in local community theatre productions before landing work as a stunt double in movie westerns. Most of his early work was uncredited, though he did get a couple of credited roles on Have Gun--Will Travel in 1957. He, too, appeared in Cattle Empire, which led to being cast on Rawhide the following year. During his tenure on the show, he owned a ranch in California where he raised quarter horses. He married three times and had two children. Toward the end of Rawhide's run, he appeared in two episodes of Gunsmoke in 1964 and later moved back to Denton, where he died at age 62 on December 8, 1981.

John Erwin

Not much has been published about actor John Erwin, other than his birthday of December 5, 1936, prior to his appearance as the drover Teddy in 22 episodes of Rawhide. His career as a voice actor after the show ended, however, is much better documented. He provided the voice for Reggie Mantle on The Archie Show and Archie's Fun House, as well as numerous other shorter-lived Archie-related series and TV movies. In the 1980s he voiced a number of characters, most notably He-Man, on the animated series He-Man and the Masters of the Universe and the follow-on She-Ra: Princess of Power (a role he reprised in an episode of Family Guy in 2005). But perhaps his most widely remembered voicework was as the voice of finicky cat Morris in commercials for 9Lives cat food.

Robert Cabal

According to, the Honolulu-born Cabal was born in 1917, yet a 1952 article from the Lewiston (Maine) Evening Journal lists him as being 21, and a January 1955 article from the Eugene (Oregon) Register-Guard lists him as being 25. He was living not far from Pearl Harbor the day of the attack but says that even then (he would have been 11) he knew he wanted to act. After his parents brought him to California, he had to work a number of odd jobs to support himself while he sought acting work, finally landing a role with a traveling theatre production that took him around the country for 6 months. When he returned, he began landing roles in films such as Maru Maru with Errol Flynn and Man With a Gun starring Randolph Scott, always playing an ethnic type, though never a Hawaiian. Occasional TV appearances began in the early 50s, eventually leading to his most notable casting as Mexican horse wrangler Hey Soos (presumably uptight Americans wouldn't have stood for the traditional Spanish spelling Jesus) on Rawhide. After the show ended, he had only single appearances on The Big Valley in 1965 and Iron Horse in 1967 before leaving the world of acting. All that is known about his personal life is that he collected knives and was adept at oil painting. He died May 11, 2004, approximately 74 years old.

Notable Guest Stars

Season 2, Episode 13, "Incident of the Druid Curse": Claude Akins (shown on the left, played Sonny Pruett on Movin' On and Sheriff Elroy P. Lobo on B.J and the Bear and on Lobo) plays drover Jim Lark. Byron Foulger (Wendell Gibbs on Petticoat Junction) plays Druid researcher Professor Lismore. Luana Patten (starred in Song of the South, Johnny Tremain, and Follow Me, Boys!) plays his twin daughters Maeve and Mona. Don Keefer (George on Angel) plays drover Hames. Stanley Adams (Lt. Morse on Not for Hire) plays drover Creston.
Season 2, Episode 14, "Incident at Red River Station": Robert F. Simon (Dave Tabak on Saints and Sinners, Gen. Alfred Terry on Custer, Frank Stephens on Bewitched, Uncle Everett McPherson on Nancy, Capt. Rudy Olsen on The Streets of San Francisco, and J. Jonah Jameson on The Amazing Spiderman) plays barber Junkin. William Tannen (Deputy Hal Norton on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp) plays rancher Wiley. James Dunn (Earl Morgan on It's a Great Life) plays local Doc Flood. Glen Gordon (Dr. Fu Manchu on The Adventures of Dr. Fu Manchu) plays an unnamed guard.

Season 2, Episode 15, "Incident of the Devil and His Due": Neville Brand (shown on the right, starred in D.O.A., The Mob, Stalag 17, Riot in Cell Block 11, and The Three Outlaws and played Al Capone on The Untouchables and Reese Bennett on Laredo) plays outlaw Gaff. James Griffith (Aaron Adams on Trackdown and Deputy Tom Ferguson on U.S. Marshal) plays outlaw Maury. Peter Mamakos (Jean Lafitte on The Adventures of Jim Bowie) plays outlaw Eddie. Ken Mayer (Maj. Robbie Robertson on Space Patrol) plays rancher Sam Burton. Ralph Reed (Billy Clanton on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp) plays Hal Burton, son of a murdered rancher. Hank Worden (Roy Turlock on Petticoat Junction) plays stagecoach driver Wendell.

Season 2, Episode 16, " Incident of the Wanted Painter": Arthur Franz (starred in Flight to Mars, The Member of the Wedding, and The Caine Mutiny) plays wanted painter Charles Fredericks. Robert Lowery (starred in Criminal Investigator, Revenge of the Zombies, The Navy Way, The Mummy's Ghost, and They Made Me a Killer and played Big Tim Champion on Circus Boy and Buss Courtney on Pistols 'n' Petticoats) plays former Confederate Major Sinclair. Charles Maxwell (Special Agent Joe Carey on I Led 3 Lives and the voice of the radio announcer on Gilligan's Island) plays renegade Chaffee. Dennis Cross (Cmdr. Arthur Richards on The Blue Angels) plays drover Clements. Steve Brodie (Sheriff Johnny Behan on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp) plays Lampton Marshal Coogan. 

Season 2, Episode 17, " Incident of the Tinker's Dam": Regis Toomey (shown on the left, starred in Alibi, Other Men's Women, The Finger Points, His Girl Friday, and The Big Sleep and played Joe Mulligan on The Mickey Rooney Show, Lt. Manny Waldo on Four Star Playhouse, Lt. McGough on Richard Diamond, Private Detective, Det. Les Hart on Burke's Law, and Dr. Barton Stuart on Petticoat Junction and Green Acres) plays Wishbone's brother T.J. Ron Soble (Dirty Jim on The Monroes) plays Indian leader Hansho. Monte Blue (Sheriff Hollister on Sky King) plays old Indian Wankawa. Jeanne Bates (Nurse Wills on Ben Casey) plays widow Mrs. Wayne. Ray Montgomery (Professor Howard Ogden on Ramar of the Jungle) plays U.S. Cavalry Cpl. Anderson. 

Season 2, Episode 18, " Incident of the Night Horse": George Wallace (starred in Radar Men From the Moon, Destry, and Forbidden Planet and played Judge Milton Cole on Hill Street Blues and Grandpa Hank Hammersmith on Sons and Daughters) plays ornery rancher Jed Carst. Judy Nugent (Jet Maypen on Walt Disney Presents: Annette and June McBean on The Tall Man) plays his daughter Willie. 

Season 2, Episode 19, " Incident of the Sharpshooter": Jock Mahoney (starred in Pecos River, Junction City, Tarzan Goes to India, and Tarzan's Three Challenges and played The Range Rider on The Range Rider and Yancy Derringer on Yancy Derringer) plays escaped convict Vance. Morgan Jones (Sgt. Corey on Highway Patrol, Cmdr. Donovan on The Blue Angels, Sgt. Charlie Phillips on Arrest and Trial, and Howard Pender on Mannix) plays his partner Red. Hugh Sanders (starred in That's My Boy, The Pride of St. Louis, The Winning Team, and The Wild One) plays local Sheriff Fischer. Stafford Repp (shown on the right, played Chief O'Hara on Batman) plays Mayor Watkins. Norman Leavitt (Ralph on Trackdown) plays a hotel clerk. Olan Soule (Aristotle "Tut" Jones on Captain Midnight, Ray Pinker on Dragnet (1952-59), and Fred Springer on Arnie) plays slick poker player Styles.

Season 2, Episode 20, " Incident of the Dust Flower": Frances Bavier (shown on the left, starred in The Day the Earth Stood Still, The Lady Says No, and Man in the Attic and played Amy Morgan on It's a Great Life, Nora Martin on The Eve Arden Show, and Aunt Bea Taylor on The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R.F.D.) plays Aunt Ellen Ferguson. Arthur Shields (starred in The Plough and the Stars, National Velvet, and The Corn is Green) plays traveler Sam Cartwright. 

Season 2, Episode 21, "Incident at Sulphur Creek": John Dehner (Duke Williams on The Roaring '20's, Commodore Cecil Wyntoon on The Baileys of Balboa, Morgan Starr on The Virginian, Cyril Bennett on The Doris Day Show, Dr. Charles Cleveland Claver on The New Temperatures Rising Show, Barrett Fears on Big Hawaii, Marshal Edge Troy on Young Maverick, Lt. Joseph Broggi on Enos, Hadden Marshall on Bare Essence, and Billy Joe Erskine on The Colbys) plays rancher Arvid Lacey. Jan Shepard (Nurse Betty on Dr. Christian) plays his wife Clara. Ross Ford (J.R. Boone on Meet Millie) plays his brother Brad. James Gavin (Sheriff Madden on The Big Valley) plays one of his men Williams. Charles Aidman (Jeremy Pike on The Wild Wild West and the narrator on the resurrected Twilight Zone from 1985-87) plays drover Waltzer. X Brands (Pahoo-Ka-Ta-Wah on Yancy Derringer) plays Indian brave Kaw Wah. 

Season 2, Episode 22, " Incident of the Champagne Bottles": Patricia Barry (shown on the right, played Kate Harris on Harris Against the World) plays champagne porter Susan Parker. Hugh Marlowe (starred in Twelve O'Clock High, All About Eve, The Day the Earth Stood Still, and Earth vs. the Flying Saucers and played Ellery Queen on Mystery Is My Business and Jim Matthews on Another World) plays her husband James. John Hart (The Lone Ranger on The Lone Ranger, Nat "Hawkeye" Cutler on Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans, and Narbo on later seasons of Rawhide) plays accomplice Murdoch. 

Season 2, Episode 23, " Incident of the Star Gazer": Richard Webb (Captain Midnight on Captain Midnight and Deputy Chief Don Jagger on Border Patrol) plays imposter Henry Walker. Buddy Ebsen (shown on the left, played Sgt. Hunk Marriner on Northwest Passage, Jed Clampett on The Beverly Hillbillies, Barnaby Jones on Barnaby Jones, and Roy Houston on Matt Houston) plays his foreman Will Kinch. Dorothy Green (Lavinia Tate on Tammy) plays troubled wife Marissa Turner. Kelton Garwood (Beauregard O'Hanlon on Bourbon Street Beat and Percy Crump on Gunsmoke) plays hired hand Hutchins. Ted de Corsia (Police Chief Hagedorn on Steve Canyon) plays salt mine owner Gunnison. Clem Fuller (Clem on Gunsmoke) plays an unnamed stagecoach driver. Tom Fadden (Duffield on Broken Arrow, Silas Perry on Cimarron City, and Ben Miller on Green Acres and Petticoat Junction) plays Circuit Judge Nield.

Season 2, Episode 24, " Incident of the Dancing Death": Mabel Albertson (Mrs. Whiting on Those Whiting Girls, Irene Brady on The Tom Ewell Show, Mrs. Sprague on The Andy Griffith Show, Mildred Hollinger on That Girl, and Phyllis Stephens on Bewitched) plays old gypsy woman Kalla. Warren Oates (starred in In the Heat of the Night, The Wild Bunch, and Stripes and played Ves Painter on Stoney Burke) plays jealous gypsy Marco. Paul Picerni (Agent Lee Hobson on The Untouchables) plays gypsy suitor Bahari. 

Season 2, Episode 25, " Incident of the Arana Sacar": Cloris Leachman (shown on the right, played Ruth Martin on Lassie and Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda, and Phyllis) plays shopkeeper's wife Mary Ann Belden. 

Season 2, Episode 26, " Incident of the 100 Amulets": Whit Bissell (starred in He Walked by Night, Creature From the Black Lagoon, I Was a Teenage Werewolf, I Was a Teenage Frankenstein, and Hud and played Bert Loomis on Bachelor Father, Calvin Hanley on Peyton Place, and Lt. Gen. Heywood Kirk on The Time Tunnel) plays Parkerton Doc Taggert. Peter Whitney (Sergeant Buck Sinclair on The Rough Riders and Lafe Crick on The Beverly Hillbillies) plays superstitious townsman Jake Tenney. Virginia Christine (starred in The Mummy's Curse, The Killers, and Night Wind and played Ovie Swenson on Tales of Wells Fargo) plays his wife Sarah. Carole Ann Seflinger (Susan Talbot on Wonderbug) plays their daughter Ellen. Ed Nelson (Michael Rossi on Peyton Place and Ward Fuller on The Silent Force) plays superstitious townsman Chuck Wittaker. Vaughn Taylor (starred in Jailhouse Rock, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Psycho, and In Cold Blood and played Ernest P. Duckweather on Johnny Jupiter) plays store-keeper Perce Morgan. R.G. Armstrong (Police Capt. McAllister on T.H.E. Cat and Lewis Vendredi on Friday the 13th) plays saloon owner Burke.

Season 2, Episode 27, " Incident of the Deserter": William Tannen (see "Incident at Red River Station´above) plays mine owner Noel Detrick. Walter Burke (starred in All the King's Men, Jack the Giant Killer, and Support Your Local Sheriff! and played Tim Potter on Black Saddle) plays his accountant Mr. Dimity. Bob Steele (starred in Breezy Bill, Of Mice and Men, and The Big Sleep, played Billy the Kid in 6 westerns and Tucson Smith in 19 others, and played Trooper Duffy on F Troop) plays henchman Grogan. Rush Williams (Roy Hondine on Hawaiian Eye) plays miner Hall. 

Season 2, Episode 28, " Incident of the Murder Steer": James Franciscus (shown on the left, played Det. Jimmy Halloran on Naked City, Russ Andrews on The Investigators, John Novak on Mr. Novak, Mike Longstreet on Longstreet, Benjamin Elliot on Doc Elliot, and James Hunter on Hunter) plays new drover Andy Nye. Howard Petrie (Hugh Blaine on Bat Masterson) plays escaping townsman Abner Carter. Whitney Blake (Dorothy Baxter on Hazel) plays his wife Callie. Stephen Joyce (Bubba Wadsworth on Texas and Admiral Walter Strichen on Wiseguy) plays revenge-minded Hanson Buck. 

Season 2, Episode 29, " Incident of the Music Maker": Peter Whitney (see "Incident of the 100 Amulets" above) plays Swiss emigre Anton Zwahlen. Werner Klemperer (shown on the right, starred in Five Steps to Danger, Operation Eichmann, and Judgment at Nuremberg and played Col. Klink on Hogan's Heroes) plays his brother Kessel. X Brands (see "Incident at Sulphur Creek" above) plays the Comanche leader.

Season 2, Episode 30, " Incident of the Silent Web": Don Haggerty (Eddie Drake on The Cases of Eddie Drake, Sheriff Dan Elder on State Trooper, and Marsh Murdock on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp) plays escaped convict Chaney. Paul Langton (Leslie Harrington on Peyton Place) plays ranch co-owner Henry Porter. Reba Waters (Francesca on Peck's Bad Girl) plays his daughter Jeanie. Carlos Romero (Rico Rodriguez on Wichita Town, Romero Serrano on Zorro, and Carlo Agretti on Falcon Crest) plays his assistant Mendoza. Charles Maxwell (see "Incident of the Wanted Painter" above) plays ranch co-owner John Taggart. 

Season 2, Episode 31, "Incident of the Last Chance": John Kerr (starred in The Cobweb, Tea and Sympathy, South Pacific, and The Pit and the Pendulum and played Barry Pine on Arrest and Trial, D.A. John Fowler on Peyton Place, and Gerald O'Brien on The Streets of San Francisco) plays newlywed Bert Eaton. Kathryn Card (Mrs. McGillicuddy on I Love Lucy, Mrs. Papernow on The Charles Farrell Show, and Maw Kadiddlehopper on The Red Skelton Hour) plays stagecoach traveler Edna Gillespie. Jon Lormer (Harry Tate on Lawman, various autopsy surgeons and medical examiners in 12 episodes of Perry Mason, and Judge Irwin A. Chester on Peyton Place) plays her husband Harry. Dick Elliott (shown on the left, played Officer Murphy on Dick Tracy and Mayor Pike on The Andy Griffith Show) plays station house manager Sam Davis. Hank Patterson (Fred Ziffel on Green Acres and Petticoat Junction and Hank on Gunsmoke) plays sick wagon driver Simmons. William D. Gordon (Joe Travis on Riverboat) plays professional gambler Sid Gorman. John Marley (starred in Cat Ballou, Love Story, and The Godfather) plays Indian chief Little Cloud. 

Season 2, Episode 32, "Incident in the Garden of Eden": John Ireland (shown on the right, starred in Red River, All the King's Men, I Shot Jesse James, and Spartacus and played John Hunter on The Cheaters, Jed Colby on later seasons of Rawhide, and Lyman Shackleford on Cassie & Co.) plays Ashley estate foreman Mr. Winch. Robert Coote (starred in Gunga Din, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, The Prisoner of Zenda, Othello (1952), and The Swinger and played Timmy Fleming on The Rogues, The Rt. Hon. Mervyn Pugh on The Whitehall Warrior, and Theodore Horstmann on Nero Wolfe) plays estate owner Mr. Ashley. Debra Paget (starred in Broken Arrow, Les Miserables, Prince Valiant, The Ten Commandments, Love Me Tender, and Journey to the Lost City) plays his daughter Laura. John Hoyt (starred in My Favorite Brunette, The Lady Gambles, and Blackboard Jungle and played Grandpa Stanley Kanisky on Gimme a Break!) plays bartender Harry Wilks. J. Pat O'Malley (Judge Caleb Marsh on Black Saddle, Duffy on Frontier Circus, Harry Burns on My Favorite Martian, Mr. Bundy on Wendy and Me, Herbert Morrison on A Touch of Grace, and Bert Beasley on Maude) plays dart player Oliver. Gregory Walcott (starred in Badman's Country and Plan 9 From Outer Space and played Det. Roger Havilland on 87th Precinct) plays Ashley hired hand Crane. 

Season 3, Episode 1, "Incident at Rojo Canyon": Julie London (shown on the left, popular singer, starred in Nabonga, The Fat Man, and The George Raft Story, and played nurse Dixie McCall on Emergency!) plays society singer Ann Danvers. Bobby Troup (shown on the left, songwriter and musician, starred in Bop Girl Goes Calypso, The Five Pennies, and MASH, and played Dr. Joe Early on Emergency!) plays her manager Nelson Hoyt. Frank Maxwell (Duncan MacRoberts on Our Man Higgins and Col. Garraway on The Second Hundred Years) plays forgotten Confederate leader Major Anderson. Robert Easton (renowned voice coach, played Brian McAfee on The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show) plays an unnamed Confederate bugler. John Pickard (Capt. Shank Adams on Boots and Saddles and Sgt. Maj. Murdock on Gunslinger) plays U.S. Cavalry Sgt. Mattson. Dick Gering (Johnny Green on Margie) plays an unnamed trooper.

Season 3, Episode 2, " Incident of the Challenge": Lyle Bettger (starred in The Vanquished, Destry, and The Fastest Guitar Alive and played Sam Larsen on The Court of Last Resort and Harry Driscoll on The Grand Jury) plays Santa Maria town leader Major Darius. Orville Sherman (Mr. Feeney on Buckskin, Wib Smith on Gunsmoke, and Tupper on Daniel Boone) plays casino manager Charley Casey. Ann Robinson (starred in The War of the Worlds, Dragnet, and Midnight Movie Massacre and played Queen Juliandra on Rocky Jones, Space Ranger and Helen Watkins on Fury) plays saloon girl Julie. Michael Pate (starred in Face to Face, Julius Caesar, Hondo, and Tower of London and played Chief Vittoro on Hondo and Det. Sgt. Vic Maddern on Matlock Police) plays old Aztec man Mitla. Ann Doran (Martha Brown on National Velvet, Mrs. Kingston on Longstreet, and Charlotte McHenry on Shirley) plays Darius' invalid wife Millie. John Hart (see "Incident of the Champagne Bottles" above) plays drover Nate Johnson.

Season 3, Episode 3, "Incident at Dragoon Crossing": Dan O'Herlihy ("Doc" Sardius McPheeters on The Travels of Jamie McPheeters, "Boss" Will Varner #2 on The Long, Hot Summer, Lt. Col. Max Dodd on Colditz, The Director on A Man Called Sloane, and Andrew Packard on Twin Peaks) plays renowned cattle trail boss John Cord. Garry Walberg (Police Sgt. Sullivan on Johnny Staccato, Sgt. Edward Goddard on Peyton Place, Speed on The Odd Couple, and Lt. Frank Monahan on Quincy M.E.) plays gang leader Cory Bates. 

Season 3, Episode 4, " Incident of the Night Visitor": Dane Clark (starred in Destination Tokyo, God Is My Co-Pilot, and That Way With Women and played Richard Adams on Justice, Dan Miller on Wire Service, Slate Shannon on Bold Venture, and Lt. Arthur Tragg on The New Perry Mason) plays drover and former convict Jeff Barkley. Harold J. Stone (shown on the right, played John Kennedy on The Grand Jury, Hamilton Greeley on My World and Welcome to It, and Sam Steinberg on Bridget Loves Bernie) plays unsavory horse trader Nick Mesa. Tommy Nolan (Jody O'Connell on Buckskin, Officer Hubbell on Jessie, and Mick on Out of This World) plays wandering orphan Joey Gardner. 

Season 3, Episode 5, " Incident of the Slavemaster": Peter Lorre (shown on the left, starred in M, Crime and Punishment, eight Mr. Moto movies, The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, Arsenic and Old Lace, and The Beast With Five Fingers) plays former Confederate prison warden Victor Laurier. Lisa Gaye (Gwen Kirby on How to Marry a Millionaire) plays his daughter Odette. Roy Glenn (Roy on The Jack Benny Program) plays his servant Jonah. 

Season 3, Episode 6, "Incident on the Road to Yesterday": Frankie Laine (shown on the right, popular singer who sang the Rawhide theme song) plays reformed stagecoach company robber Ralph Bartlet. Chester Morris (starred as Boston Blackie in 13 films and played Captain Ritter on Diagnosis: Unknown) plays stagecoach company owner Hugh Clements. King Calder (Lt. Gray on Martin Kane) plays store owner Mr. Slocum.
Season 3, Episode 7, "Incident at Superstition Prairie": Michael Pate (see "Incident of the Challenge" above) plays old Comanche Sankeno. Rodolfo Acosta (Vaquero on The High Chapparal) plays Comanche medicine man Ossolo. Carlos Romero (see "Incident of the Silent Web" above) plays Comanche chief Asunta.
Season 3, Episode 8, "Incident at Poco Tiempo": Agnes Moorehead (shown on the left, starred in Citizen Kane, The Magnificent Ambersons, Jane Eyre, Dark Passage, Show Boat, and How the West Was Won and played Endora on Bewitched) plays Catholic nun Sister Frances. Gigi Perreau (shown on the left, starred in Family Honeymoon, Never a Dull Moment, Bonzo Goes to College, and Girls Town and played Pat Strickland on The Betty Hutton Show and Kathy Richards on Follow the Sun) plays her understudy Sister Joan. Frank Puglia (starred in My Favorite Brunette, Road to Rio, and 20 Million Miles to Earth and played Bibo on To Rome With Love) plays Catholic priest Father Sebastian. Gregory Walcott (see "Incident in the Garden of Eden" above) plays outlaw Mara. Lew Gallo (Major Joseph Cobb on 12 O'Clock High) plays outlaw Colley. Ken Mayer (see "Incident of the Devil and His Due" above) plays livery owner Swanson.
Season 3, Episode 9, "Incident of the Captive": Mercedes McCambridge (shown on the right, starred in All the King's Men, Johnny Guitar, Giant, and A Farewell to Arms and played Kate Wells on Wire Service) plays Mushy's mother Mrs. Martha Mushgrove. Kathryn Card (see "Incident of the Last Chance" above) plays stagecoach passenger Millicent Laker. Bobby Driscoll (starred in Song of the South, Treasure Island, and The Party Crashers) plays stagecoach passenger Billy Chance. Vic Perrin (narrator on Sergeant Preston of the Yukon, the control voice on The Outer Limits, and did voicework on Jonny Quest, Star Trek, Scooby Doo, Where Are You?, and Mission: Impossible!) plays wounded army man Sgt. Comstock. Albert Sami (Yadkin on Daniel Boone and Pete Ritter on Petrocelli) plays gang leader Vince Lohman. Hank Worden (see "Incident of the Devil and His Due" above) plays the first stagecoach driver. Bud Osborne (played stagecoach drivers in dozens of westerns and in episodes of The Cisco Kid, Annie Oakley, The Range Rider, Hopalong Cassidy, The Lone Ranger, The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin, Rescue 8, Zorro, Bronco, Law of the Plainsman, Johnny Ringo, Cheyenne, The Texan, Maverick, and Have Gun--Will Travel) plays the second stagecoach driver. Dan Sheridan (Jake the bartender on Lawman) plays hired actor Gottfried. George Johnson (voice of Goofy in 10 Walt Disney shorts) plays hired actor Sam.


  1. Rawhide was the top of the line Western. Thank heavens for DVDs.

  2. Eric Fleming was a far more low-key actor than he has been credited with being in reviews like this one. The clearest indicator of this fact is that the series was cancelled by CBS chief William S. Paley after the first episode in Season 8, the first Rawhide episode in which he did not appear.