Saturday, July 3, 2021

The Untouchables (1962)


Given the amount of controversy it stirred up during its 4-year run, it is surprising that The Untouchables lasted as long as it did, and yet despite the free publicity that comes with notoriety, the series only cracked the top 30 in the Nielsen ratings once. We've touched on the various controversies with the Capone family, Italian-Americans, the FBI, and the Bureau of Prisons in our two previous posts about the series, as well as the series playing fast and loose with fact and fiction in depicting the historical figure Eliot Ness defeating criminals he never met in real life, some of them fictional creations themselves. It certainly wasn't the first series to turn a flawed historical figure into a mythic hero, as we've covered in our posts about western series such as The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp. But while the latter series seems to follow Earp's historical journey from Ellsworth, Kansas to Tombstone, Arizona with stops in Wichita and Dodge City, The Untouchables has Ness venturing to New York and Boston, which he never did as part of his career as a federal law officer. Moreover, some of Ness' chief antagonists in The Untouchables never existed, as in the case of Joe Kulak as played by Oscar Beregi, Jr., or likely never even met Ness, as Kenneth Tucker argues of Frank Nitti in his book Eliot Ness and the Untouchables.

We've also quoted producer Quinn Martin in our 1960 post as saying that some of the liberties the series took with the facts was to avoid libel litigation. The subject was obviously much on Martin's and the other principals' minds because the May 10, 1962 episode "The Case Against Eliot Ness" centers around Ness being sued for libel by former Chicago alderman Mitchell A. Grandin, whom Ness publicly accuses of being a murderer and then has to back up to avoid damaging his career. The producers also must have been feeling some heat about the disclaimer they had begun running at the end of each episode that initially stated that the stories were based on the book written by Ness and Oscar Fraley "although certain portions of this episode were fictionalized." Beginning with the March 22, 1962 episode, "Element of Danger," a new disclaimer took its place, claiming that the incidents just portrayed were fictional and that only "certain of the characterizations" were based on the Ness & Fraley book. TV Guide's Gilbert Seldes notes these two different disclaimers in his review of the series in the September 29, 1962 edition of the magazine but doesn't offer any explanation for the change. He only uses it as a jumping off point to describe some of the plot elements that seem unbelievable but ends up admitting that he still like the program, a rarity for a TV reviewer who didn't seem to like much on television.

But the series backing away from its primary source material for the first 2½ seasons is an interesting twist, particularly since the Ness & Fraley book apparently didn't stick just to the facts either. In a 2017 article for Vanity Fair, Matthew Pearl traces the genesis of the book that spawned the TV series. In 1956 Ness had become a forgotten man, working as a salesman for a printing company in a small Pennsylvania town. But the firm's top salesman, Joe Phelps, after hearing Ness recount his days as Chicago's fearless mob scourge, set up a meeting with sportswriter Oscar Fraley, whom Phelps knew from high school. Phelps nudged Ness into collaborating with Fraley on a memoir, but Fraley, as Pearl observes, was a pathological liar and philanderer. Accounts differ as to which of the co-authors was more responsible for the fictional elements and embellishments that went into the book, such as saying that Ness' third wife was his girlfriend when he was a young federal agent, but the upshot was that the memoir was "enhanced" for dramatic effect. In a letter from Fraley to Ness early on in their relationship. the sportswriter said, "Don't get scared if we stray from the facts once in a while. We've got to make a real gangbuster out of this thing and after all, we have literary license." However, Pearl notes that recent Ness scholarship has determined that a surprising amount of the book appears to have been accurate. Tragically, Ness never got to bask in the glory of seeing his life story become a best-selling book or a hit TV series because he died of a heart attack in 1957 at age 54 before the book was even published.

That the book was even turned into a television series is another harrowing tale as told by Dwight Whitney in his cover story for the August 11, 1962 edition of TV Guide. That story begins with Desilu assistant story editor Lois Green calling her boss, Desi Arnaz, one day in July 1958 to urge him to buy the option on the Ness & Fraley book. However, the option was already owned by movie producer Ray Stark, who was never able to make anything out of it but still forced Arnaz to wait 6 months for Stark's option to run out. Once Arnaz had purchased the option, he gave the project to Bert Granet to turn into a two-part production to run on his drama anthology series Desilu Playhouse. Given the high cost of the production, the two-parter would then have to be stitched together to be released as a feature film for overseas markets to help recoup the oversized cost. According to Whitney, the first script produced by writer Paul Monash proved unsatisfactory, so Arnaz summoned his wunderkind producer, Quinn Martin, to rescue the project. Again, in Whitney's telling, director Phil Karlson was brought in, and Martin, Monash, and Karlson retooled the script to make it acceptable. But then the production ran into trouble finding a leading man to play Ness. Arnaz had initially wanted Van Heflin for the role, but the schedule delays due to the script rewrites caused a conflict in Heflin's schedule. Van Johnson was the next choice but backed out over salary. Fred MacMurray, Jack Lord, and Cliff Robertson were also reportedly considered, but the production team finally settled on Robert Stack, who at first wanted no part of the project because he felt moving into TV would tank his career (a common notion amongst movie actors at the time). However, Whitney observes that Stack's movie career wasn't really going anywhere at the time, so he was eventually talked into taking the part--the best move of his acting career. Despite the roaring success of the Desilu Playhouse two-parter, Stack again had to be coaxed to continue the role of Ness when The Untouchables was green-lighted as a regular series. By 1962 Stack and the series had become so tightly entwined that when it came time to negotiate a new contract at the end of Season 3, it was believed that the series would be canceled if he was not resigned. In his book Tucker recounts that the tension over Stack's contract caused a temporary falling out between him and co-star Paul Picerni, according to Picerni's autobiography. When Picerni's character Lee Hobson was given the more prominent role in the February 2, 1962 episode "The Silent Partner," Stack began to suspect the producers were grooming Picerni as a possible replacement if Stack's contract negotiation failed. Stack even began giving Picerni the cold shoulder until the latter assured Stack that he would also leave the series if Stack did. As it turned out, Stack ended up inking a 2-year deal, though the series would be canceled after only more season.

An interesting side note on Whitney's Untouchables origin story is that Paul Monash was so offended by Whitney's implication that he was responsible for the delay in getting the original Playhouse production off the ground that he wrote a letter to the editor of TV Guide, published in the September 29 edition, maintaining that he completed the script in only 7 weeks and did not need assistance in doing so. Monash suggests that they check with executive producer Bert Granet to back his claim. It seems that not only did the series itself stir up controversy at every turn, but merely writing about it was just as hazardous.

But even with Stack firmly in place, other changes were mandated going into Season 4. Leonard Freeman was brought in as executive producer and Alvin Cooperman as producer. In the same August 11, 1962 TV Guide cover story previewing the upcoming season, Freeman says the content of the series would be changing as well, that we would see a more vulnerable Ness who doesn't always win and that there would be "no violence without good reason." Ironically, Stack is quoted in the same article as saying his approach to playing Ness was to underplay the character: "You learn to react instead of act. Because it's the actors' show, not mine. Everything has to bounce off me. I give them glimpses of Ness, not an emotional catharsis." And yet in the first episode of Season 4, "The Night They Shot Santa Claus" (September 25, 1962), Ness is shaken to the core as he digs into the reasons why a man whom he considered a good friend was gunned down just after playing Santa Claus to a group of children at an orphanage. Ness learns that he was naive in thinking he could have a backdoor friendship with a seemingly pleasant man, Hap Levinson, who managed a nightspot owned by known mobster Mike Volney and whose very name suggests happiness and levity. But as he peels back the layers of Levinson's life, he finds not only that his supposed good friend had a mistress and a drug habit but that he was also playing Ness, just as he did every other cop in Chicago, to benefit himself and his boss. Though Ness eventually gathers enough evidence to charge Volney for murder, narrator Walter Winchell ends the episode by telling us that Volney was acquitted, teaching Ness that there could be no more truces like the one he had with Levinson. True to Stack's description, we don't see Ness shed any tears in a moment of emotional catharsis, but we know he is suffering greatly in the knowledge that he allowed his emotions to cloud his professional judgment. This humiliation is new ground for The Untouchables and a welcome depth to a character that for three seasons seemed more robot than human.

Ness faces another moral test in "The Chess Game" (October 9, 1962), the episode in which he travels to Boston to chase down the supplier of a flood of champagne showing up in Chicago in late 1932. There he encounters seafood company owner Ira Bauer, who is blind and a chess enthusiast. When Ness initially confronts Bauer about champagne shipping to Chicago on the same train cars carrying his seafood, Bauer lays the blame on his partner, whom he freely admits to Ness that he has just killed, though he claims it was self-defense. But when Ness digs into the details, he trips Bauer up in trying to explain why he sent one of four train cars to Chicago with no refrigeration, which he had earlier claimed was necessary to keep the seafood fresh. Bauer's excuse that he knew from the weather forecast that it would not get hot enough to spoil the fish is easily disproven, so Bauer then changes tactics and dares Ness to find out how he is shipping the champagne in his rail cars. However, there is another side to Bauer, as Ness learns from his devoted secretary, who tells him that her boss does not live lavishly despite his large profits but instead devotes a considerable amount to research on overcoming blindness, a self-serving charity, to be sure, but one that can benefit many others as well. When she asks where the harm is in allowing rich Chicagoans to drink champagne and presses Ness to just look the other way this time, to allow Bauer to continue his philanthropic work despite its illegal source of revenue, Ness displays frustration and argues that he is only doing his job, the kind of excuse one uses when he knows that what he is doing is questionable if not downright indefensible. After the secretary leaves, Ness takes out his frustration on an uncooperative window shade, an emotional display that never would have been shown in the program's first three seasons. This sequence is all the more striking in its contrast to a similar moral predicament depicted less than a season earlier in "The Canada Run" (January 4, 1962) in which Ness traces a bootlegging operation to a small, poor fishing village near the Canadian border where known mobster Joe Palakopolous claims to have retired and has won the devotion of the local priest Father Francis Gregory by funding a soup kitchen and making repairs to his church. When Ness confronts Fr. Gregory about the fact that Palakopolous is using his church as a front for his illegal booze running business, the priest refuses to believe him and points out all the good Palakopolous has done for the local community. In this case, Ness expresses no ambivalence about Palakopolous--he is breaking the law, and if Fr. Gregory assists him or tips him off, he will be an accessory. There are no torn-down window shades, though Ness does display a modicum of sympathy for the priest after he finally sees Palakopolous in the act of importing the illegal booze just before being gunned down.

This new Ness with more emotional depth, however, exposes the Achilles heel of the series that has been conveniently hidden up till now--are Ness and the other Untouchables really heroes in slavishly defending a law that was obviously a mistake in the first place and eventually overturned? The series winks at this coming change in several episodes, including the aforementioned "The Chess Game," by saying that presidential candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt had made a campaign promise to repeal Prohibition if elected. In one sense, the series attempts to blunt this thorny question by transitioning Ness into fighting the drug trade in episodes such as "Element of Danger," "The Maggie Storm Story" (March 29, 1962), and "Pressure" (June 4, 1962), which is set in 1934, two years after the real Untouchables were disbanded. Even Ira Bauer in "The Chess Game" recognizes that Prohibition will soon end and brazenly tells Ness he plans to move over to shipping narcotics. In 1962, when these episodes aired, the general public likely agreed that narcotics were a pernicious vice that must be treated criminally, an opinion championed by Harry Jacob Anslinger, head of the Bureau of Narcotics, which ironically was spun off from the Prohibition Unit in 1930, at the height of Prohibition (meaning Ness would not be pursuing both bootleggers and drug traffickers after that date). Anslinger would hold his position until stepping down in 1962, coincidentally a year after an influential study argued for treating addicts medically rather than criminally. Elsewhere we see Ness fighting other vices such as slot machines in "Man in the Middle" (April 5, 1962) and the corruption of horse-racing wire services, i.e., gambling, in "The Whitey Steele Story" (February 8, 1962). All of these vices are forms of addiction, something the real Ness would become familiar with later in life as he was reported to have become a heavy drinker, the ultimate irony for a man so intent on stopping others from drinking during his heyday.

While the television Ness may have become a more interesting character in Season 4, the series still could not crack the top 30 in the Nielsen ratings. Tucker's book suggests two possible reasons for the series' cancellation at the end of the fourth season: the financial problems of Desilu, which had overextended itself by expanding to running three studios but had itself turned out other failing series and could only recoup its losses by ending new episodes of The Untouchables to generate revenue from reruns; and the decision by Stack to leave the series despite the new contract. Tucker mentions that cast member Nicholas Georgiade floated the rumor that the heavy workload was causing tension in Stack's marriage, which may have prompted his decision to quit. In any case, the series had long expended the material from Ness & Fraley's book on which it was originally based. Besides inspiring a number of copycat series during its time on the air between 1959-63, The Untouchables was influential enough to inspire future adaptations both on television and in feature films. Too bad the real Eliot Ness didn't live long enough to see any of them.

The Actors

For the biographies of Robert Stack, Paul Picerni, Nicholas Georgiade, Steve London, and Abel Fernandez, see the 1960 post on The Untouchables. For the biographies of Bruce Gordon, Oscar Beregi, Jr., and Frank Wilcox, see the 1961 post on The Untouchables.

Notable Guest Stars

Season 3, Episode 11, "Canada Run": Simon Oakland (starred in Psycho, West Side Story, and Follow That Dream and played Inspector Spooner on Toma, Tony Vincenzo on Kolchak: The Night Stalker, Brig. Gen. Thomas Moore on Black Sheep Squadron, and Sgt. Abrams on David Cassidy - Man Undercover) plays Canadian whiskey runner Joe Palakopolous. Than Wyenn (Licenciado PiƱa on Zorro) plays his gunman Frenchy LeBlanc. Arthur Hill (starred in The Deep Blue Sea, Harper, The Andromeda Strain, and A Bridge Too Far and played Owen Marshall on Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law and Charles Hardwick on Glitter) plays fishing-town priest Father Francis Gregory. Michael Hinn (George Haig on Johnny Ringo) plays parishioner Tom Jethroe. Emile Meyer (starred in Shane, Drums Across the River, Blackboard Jungle, Sweet Smell of Success, and Paths of Glory and played Gen. Zachary Moran on Bat Masterson) plays speakeasy owner Bucky. Paul Mazursky (shown on the left, 5-times Oscar nominee, co-wrote and directed Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, Harry and Tonto, and Enemies, A Love Story, wrote and directed An Unmarried Woman, directed Next Stop, Greenwich Village, Moscow on the Hudson, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, and Scenes From a Mall, co-created The Monkees, appeared in Blackboard Jungle, Deathwatch, A Star Is Born (1976), and Carlito's Way, and played Phil Brooks on Once and Again and Norm on Curb Your Enthusiasm) plays whiskey distributor Flip. Dabbs Greer (see the biography section for the 1960 post on Gunsmoke) plays federal agent Ned Ferber. Paul Bryar (Sheriff Harve Anders on The Long, Hot Summer) plays Frank Nitti associate Urcel. John Alderson (Sgt. Bullock on Boots and Saddles and Wyatt Earp on Doctor Who) plays enforcer Grote.

Season 3, Episode 12, "The Fall Guy": Don Gordon (see the biography section for the 1960 post on The Blue Angels) plays gunman Frank Gruder. Herschel Bernardi (shown on the right, see the biography section for the 1960 post on Peter Gunn) plays investor Julius Albert Vernon. Robert Emhardt (Sgt. Vinton on The Kids From C.A.P.E.R. and Willard Masefield on The Edge of Night) plays criminal personnel expert Janos Willinski. Jay C. Flippen (appeared in Winchester '73, The Wild One, Oklahoma!, Kismet, The Killing, and Cat Ballou and played CPO Homer Nelson on Ensign O'Toole) plays former mobster Big Joe Holvak. Herbie Faye (Cpl. Sam Fender on The Phil Silvers Show, Waluska on The New Phil Silvers Show, and Ben Goldman on Doc) plays unemployed hood Lucky. Frank Cady (see the biography section for the 1961 post on The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet) plays Gruder fall guy Larry Croft. Jack Reitzen (Chopstick Joe on Terry and the Pirates and Flores on Not for Hire) plays an arsonist for hire. Jon Lormer (Harry Tate on Lawman, Sam Watkins on The Real McCoys, the autopsy surgeon on Perry Mason, Simon Benjamin on The Young Marrieds, and Judge Irwin A. Chester on Peyton Place) plays distillery guard Finley Connors. Lee Miller (police Sgt. Brice on Perry Mason) plays a stevedore. Mason Curry (Deke Tuttle on The Ghost and Mrs. Muir) plays a hospital doctor.

Season 3, Episode 13, "The Gang War": Victor Buono (shown on the left, appeared in Robin and the 7 Hoods, Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte, The Greatest Story Ever Told, and The Silencers and played King Tut on Batman and Dr. Schubert on Man From Atlantis) plays Frank Nitti rival whiskey peddler Parnise Surigaio. John Kellogg (Jack Chandler on Peyton Place) plays Nitti associate Lucky. Wayne Heffley (Officer Dennis on Highway Patrol and Vern Scofield on Days of Our Lives) plays Nitti muscle man Swede. Ed Nelson (Michael Rossi on Peyton Place, Ward Fuller on The Silent Force, and Sen. Mark Denning on Capitol) plays flying company owner Johnny Prebble. Joe Di Reda (appeared in Gaby, The Black Orchid, The Andromeda Strain, and The Parallax View and played Angel Moran on General Hospital) plays his pilot Rusty Miller. Anne Whitfield (Barbara Harris on Days of Our Lives) plays celebrating Northwestern graduate Sue. David Faulkner (Dr. Pagano on Ryan's Hope and Dr. Simon Tracs on The Doctors) plays her boyfriend Jimmy. Dal McKennon (see the biography section for the 1961 post on 87th Precinct) plays farmer Mr. Phelps. Paul Birch (Erle Stanley Gardner on The Court of Last Resort, Mike Malone on Cannonball, and Capt. Carpenter on The Fugitive) plays rural police Capt. Jess Brownlee.

Season 3, Episode 14, "Silent Partner": Charles McGraw (appeared in The Killers, Blood on the Moon, The Narrow Margin, and Spartacus and played Mike Waring on The Adventures of Falcon) plays nightclub owner Pete Kalik. Dyan Cannon (shown on the right, starred in Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, Shamus, Heaven Can Wait, Revenge of the Pink Panther, and Deathtrap and played Lisa Crowder on Full Circle, Judge Jennifer Cone on Ally McBeal and Ally and Honey Bernstein-Flynn on Three Sisters) plays singer Mavis Carroll. Bert Convy (starred in Bucket of Blood, Semi-Tough, and The Cannonball Run and played Glenn Hamilton on Love of Life, Lt. Steve Ostrowski on The Snoop Sisters, and Neil Townsend on It's Not Easy) plays comedian Eddie Paris. Ally Joslyn (appeared in Only Angels Have Wings, My Sister Eileen, Heaven Can Wait (1943), and Titanic (1953) and played George Howell on The Eve Arden Show and Colonel Harvey T. Blackwell on McKeever & the Colonel) plays society lawyer Wallace Laughton. John Milford (see the biography section for the 1960 post on The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp) plays Kalik enforcer Woody Lubek. Sydney Smith (Conrad Morland on The Dennis O'Keefe Show and the judge 6 times on Perry Mason) plays Laughton's law partner Telford Barnes. Tim Graham (Homer Ede on National Velvet) plays a truck driver. Oliver McGowan (Harvey Welk on Empire) plays The Partner.

Season 3, Episode 15, "The Whitey Steele Story": Murray Hamilton (shown on the left, appeared in No Time for Sergeants, Anatomy of a Murder, The Hustler, and Jaws and played Steve Baker on Love and Marriage  and Capt. Rutherford T. Grant on B.J. and the Bear) plays race wire operator Michael Barrigan. Henry Silva (starred in Johnny Cool, The Manchurian Candidate, Cinderfella, and Ocean's Eleven) plays Joe Kulak gunman Joker. Eduardo Ciannelli (see the biography section for the 1960 post on Johnny Staccato) plays drug trafficker Gregory Pindar. Sean McClory (Jack McGivern on The Californians and Myles Delaney on Bring 'Em Back Alive) plays San Francisco police Capt. John Stanwood. Phillip Pine (Elliot Kincaid on Days of Our Lives) plays Pindar associate Griff Darden. Bing Russell (father of Kurt Russell, played Deputy Clem Foster on Bonanza) plays Pindar gunman Frankie Brendon.

Season 3, Episode 16, "The Death Tree": Charles Bronson (shown on the right, starred in The Magnificent Seven, The Dirty Dozen, Once Upon a Time in the West, The Valachi Papers, and four Death Wish movies and played Mike Kovac on Man With a Camera, Paul Moreno on Empire, and Linc Murdock on The Travels of Jamie McPheeters) plays bootlegger Janos Colescou. Booth Colman (Zaius on Planet of the Apes, Prof. Hector Jerrold on General Hospital and Dr. Felix Burke on The Young and the Restless) plays Romani elder Victor Bartok. Ed Asner (appeared in The Satan Bug, The Slender Thread, The Venetian Affair, El Dorado, Change of Habit, They Call Me Mr. Tibbs!, JFK, and Up! and played Lou Grant on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda, and Lou Grant, Sam Waltman on Off the Rack, Principal Joe Danzig on The Bronx Zoo, Walter Kovacs on The Trials of Rosie O'Neill, George Lahti on Hearts Afire, Gil Jones on Thunder Alley, Carl Dobson on The Closer, Art Barnett on Center of the Universe, Wilson White on Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, Patrick on The Line, Hank Greziak on Working Class, and Dr. Wasserman on Michael: Tuesdays and Thursdays) plays his brother Fedor. Sara Taft (Aunt Alex on The Young Marrieds) plays their mother. BarBara Luna (Theresa Modesto on Zorro, Maria Roberts on One Life to Live, Anna Ryder on Search for Tomorrow, and Sydney Jacobs on Sunset Beach) plays Victor's daughter Magda. Theodore Marcuse (starred in Hitler, The Cincinnati Kid, and Harum Scarum and played Von Bloheim on Batman) plays Colescou gunman Alex. Richard Bakalyan (starred in The Delicate Delinquent, The Cool and the Crazy, Juvenile Jungle, Hot Car Girl, Paratroop Command, and The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes) plays his partner Benno. Cyril Delevanti (Lucious Coin on Jefferson Drum) plays a newspaper salesman.

Season 3, Episode 17, "Takeover": Luther Adler (appeared in House of Strangers, M (1951), D.O.A., and Absence of Malice) plays bootlegger Charlie Zenko. Robert Loggia (starred in The Greatest Story Ever Told, Revenge of the Pink Panther, Scarface, and Big and played T. Hewitt Edward Cat on T.H.E. Cat, Admiral Yuri Burkharin on Emerald Point, N.A.S., Nick Mancuso on Mancuso, FBI, Ben Benedict on Sunday Dinner, and Judge Thomas O'Neill on Queens Supreme) plays investor Leo Makon. John Banner (shown on the left, played Bovaro on Rocky Jones, Space Ranger, Dimitri Kilarin on The Young Marrieds, Hans on The Baileys of Balboa, Sgt. Hans Georg Schultz on Hogan's Heroes, and Uncle Latzi on The Chicago Teddy Bears) plays beer brewer Franz Koenig. Collin Wilcox Paxton (starred in To Kill a Mockingbird, Catch-22, and Jaws 2 and played Swannie O'Teale on Christy) plays his secretary Ann Gratzner. Mort Mills (Marshal Frank Tallman on Man Without a Gun, Sgt. Ben Landro on Perry Mason, and Sheriff Fred Madden on The Big Valley) plays bootlegger Woody O'Mara. Leonard Nimoy (Mr. Spock on Star Trek, Paris on Mission: Impossible, and Dr. William Bell on Fringe) plays Zenko henchman Packy. William Bryant (McCall on Combat!, President Ulysses S. Grant on Branded, Col. Crook on Hondo, Lt. Shilton on Switch, and the Director on The Fall Guy) plays the Chicago prosecuting attorney. Bruno Ve Sota (the bartender on Bonanza) plays Koenig's defense attorney. John Mitchum (see the biography section for the 1960 post on Riverboat) plays a Koenig brewery employee.

Season 3, Episode 18, "The Stryker Brothers": Michael Strong (appeared in Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round, Point Blank, and Patton and played Oliver Barbour and Dick Appleman on The Edge of Night and Sgt. Clark on Our Private World) plays lead Stryker Brother, Morton. Joseph Bernard (appeared in Murder Inc., Judgment at Nuremberg, and Ice Station Zebra and played Assistant D.A. Colby on Naked City) plays his brother Alvin. Buck Kartalian (appeared in Cool Hand Luke, Planet of the Apes, and Myra Breckenridge and played Sam on Here Come the Brides and Bruce W. Wolf on Monster Squad) plays their brother Nate. Frank Sutton (shown on the right, appeared in Marty, Town Without Pity, and The Satan Bug and played Eric Raddison on Tom Corbett, Space Cadet and Sgt. Vince Carter on Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.) plays youngest brother Benny. Nehemiah Persoff (starred in The Wrong Man, Al Capone and Some Like It Hot) plays retired explosives expert Mr. Jaeger. Mario Gallo (appeared in The Laughing Policeman, A Woman Under the Influence, and Raging Bull and played Tomaso Delvecchio on Delvecchio) plays Stryker associate Lippy Carson. Grant Richards (appeared in A Night of Mystery, Love on Toast, and Under the Big Top and played Warren Nash on Love of Life) plays Al Capone representative Resko. Michael Fox (Sig Levy on The Clear Horizon, Coroner George McLeod on Burke's Law, Amos Fedders on Falcon Crest, Saul Feinberg on The Bold and the Beautiful, and appeared 25 times as autopsy surgeons and various other medical witnesses on Perry Mason) plays police fire examiner Lt. Miller.

Season 3, Episode 19, "Element of Danger": Lee Marvin (starred in The Big Heat, Bad Day at Black Rock, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, Cat Ballou, The Dirty Dozen, and Paint Your Wagon and played Det. Lt. Frank Ballinger on M Squad) plays drug runner Victor Rait. Sandra Warner (shown on the left, iconic cover model on 12 Martin Denny exotica LPs and played Pat Smith on Mr. Smith Goes to Washington) plays his girlfriend Gina. Victor Jory (starred in Madame Du Barry, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Gone With the Wind, and The Miracle Worker and played Lt. Howard Finucane on Manhunt) plays gas company owner Arnold Stegler. Al Ruscio (Paul Locatelli on Shannon, Sal Giordano on Life Goes On, Frank Ruscio on Joe's Life, and Kosta Kanelos on Port Charles) plays Stegler henchman Gus Kroelig. Howard Culver (Howie Uzzell on Gunsmoke) plays chemist inspector Smitty. Richard Reeves (Mr. Murphy on Date With the Angels) plays a bartender. Hugh Sanders (appeared in That's My Boy, The Pride of St. Louis, The Winning Team, and The Wild One) plays Stegler partner Greer. Paul Dubov (Michel on The Ann Sothern Show) plays Stegler partner Weisbaden.

Season 3, Episode 20, "The Maggie Storm Story": Patricia Neal (shown on the right, Oscar and Tony winner, starred in The Fountainhead, The Day the Earth Stood Still, A Face in the Crowd, Breakfast at Tiffany's, and Hud) plays nightclub owner Maggie Storm. John Kellogg (see "The Gang War" above) plays her right-hand man Lucky Quinn. Frank DeKova (Chief Wild Eagle on F Troop and earlier played Louis Campagna on The Untouchables) plays New York kingpin The Man. Joseph Ruskin (Hans on Days of Our Lives) plays New York mobster Lepke Buchalter. Vic Morrow (starred in Tribute to a Bad Man, God's Little Acre, and Portrait of a Mobster and played Sgt. Saunders on Combat! and Capt. Eugene Nathan on B.A.D. Cats) plays Buchalter operative Vince Shirer. Bernard Fein (Pvt Gomez on The Phil Silvers Show) plays convict Ed Harker. Beverly Powers (exotic dancer who appeared in Breakfast at Tiffany's, Kissin' Cousins, The Power, and Speedway, later became a Christian minister in Hawaii) plays a train passenger.

Season 3, Episode 21, "Man in the Middle": Gavin MacLeod (starred in Operation Petticoat, The Sand Pebbles, and Kelly's Heroes and played Joseph Haines on McHale's Navy, Murray Slaughter on The Mary Tyler Moore Show and Rhoda, and Capt. Merrill Stubing on The Love Boat) plays slot-machine operator William "Porker" Davis. Tom Drake (starred in Meet Me in St. Louis, Words and Music, Mr. Belvedere Goes to College, and The Sandpiper) plays former Capone bootleger Joe Bomer. Mike Mazurki (starred in Murder My Sweet, Dick Tracy (1945), and It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World and played Clon on It's About Time) plays his thug Moose Tobin. Martin Balsam (starred in 12 Angry Men, Psycho, Breakfast at Tiffany's, and Catch-22 and played Dr. Milton Orliff on Dr. Kildare and Murray Klein on Archie Bunker's Place) plays Bomer operative Benjy Liemer. Cloris Leachman (shown on the left, starred in The Last Picture Show, Charley and the Angel, Dillinger, and Young Frankenstein and played Effie Perrine on Charlie Wild, Private Detective, Ruth Martin on Lassie, Rhoda Kirsh on Dr. Kildare, Phyllis Lindstrom on Mary Tyler Moore, Rhoda, and Phyllis, Beverly Ann Stickle on The Facts of Life, Mrs. Frick on The Nutt House, Emily Collins on Walter & Emily, Grammy Winthrop on Thanks, Dot Richmond on The Ellen Show, Ida on Malcolm in the Middle, Maw Maw on Raising Hope, and Mrs. Mandelbaum on Mad About You) plays Liemer's wife Julie. Louis Nicoletti (assistant director on The Lucy Show and Here's Lucy) plays Davis' floorman.

Season 3, Episode 22, "Downfall": Steven Hill (shown on the right, appeared in The Slender Thread, Yentl, Legal Eagles, Brighton Beach Memoirs, and The Firm and played Daniel Briggs on Mission: Impossible and D.A. Adam Schiff on Law & Order) plays railroad heir Joseph December, Jr. Stefan Schnabel (appeared in The Iron Curtain, Diplomatic Courier, and Dracula's Widow and played Firebeard on Tales of the Vikings) plays his comptroller Henry Grunther. Simon Oakland (see "Canada Run" above) plays Canadian booze importer Peter "The Persuader" Kalmisky. Milton Selzer (Parker on Get Smart, Jake Winkelman on The Harvey Korman Show, Abe Werkfinder on The Famous Teddy Z, and Manny Henry on Valley of the Dolls) plays syndicate financial officer Alan Sitkin.

Season 3, Episode 23, "The Case Against Eliot Ness": Pat Hingle (shown on the left, appeared in On the Waterfront, Splendor in the Grass, Hang 'Em High, Norma Rae, Sudden Impact, Batman(1989), Batman Returns, Batman Forever, Batman & Robin, and Talledega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby and played Dr. Chapman on Gunsmoke and Chief Paulton on Stone) plays former Chicago alderman Mitchell A. Grandin. George Murdock (Capt. Krupnick on No Time for Sergeants, Fred Devon on It Takes a Thief, Cavanaugh on Banacek, Dr. Salik on Battlestar Gallactica, Lt. Ben Scanlon on Barney Miller, Laslo Gabov on What a Country, and Judge Andrew Walker on Days of Our Lives) plays Chicago World's Fair licensee Gus Dmytryk. Boyd Hollister (Phony Van Gelder on General Hospital) plays hitman Billy Cooner. Ben Frommer (Smokey Bear on F Troop) plays hitman Fats Gilman. Jeanne Cooper (Grace Douglas on Bracken's World and Katherine Chancellor Murphy on The Young and the Restless) plays a third hitman's wife Fran Cagle. Sid Haig (appeared in THX 1138, The Big Doll House, Coffy, Foxy Brown, Kill Bill Vol. 2, and Night of the Living Dead 3D and played Texas on Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman and Dragos on Jason of Star Command) plays Nitti gunman Augie. Shirley O'Hara (Debbie Flett on The Bob Newhart Show) plays World's Fair board member Mrs. Halvorson. Bruno VeSota (see "Takeover" above) plays a newspaper reporter.

Season 3, Episode 24, "The Ginnie Littlesmith Story": Harry Swoger (Harry the bartender on The Big Valley) plays syndicate front man Chiz Goshen. Phyllis Love (shown on the right, appeared in So Young, So Bad, Friendly Persuasion, and The Young Doctors) plays his niece Ginnie Littlesmith. Don Gordon (see "Fall Guy" above) plays syndicate gunman Bick Cassandros. Toni Tucci (author of The Butterfly Effect and Mileage) plays Goshen associate Fay. Barbara Pepper (Doris Ziffel on Green Acres and Petticoat Junction) plays Ginnie's mother. Marlene Callahan (1957 Playboy Playmate) plays Ginnie's sister Laura. John McLiam (appeared in Cool Hand Luke, In Cold Blood, Sleeper, The Missouri Breaks, and First Blood) plays Catholic priest Father Donovan. Leonard Strong (appeared in Blood on the Sun, Back to Bataan, The Atomic City, Shane, and The Naked Jungle and played The Claw on Get Smart) plays syndicate office worker Ben Poe. Linda Evans (Audra Barkley on The Big Valley, Marty Shaw on Hunter, and Krystle Carrington on Dynasty) plays Ginnie's sister Gert.

Season 3, Episode 25, "The Contract": Frank Sutton (see "The Stryker Brothers" above) plays mobster Smiley Barris. Harry Guardino (starred in Houseboat, Pork Chop Hill, The Five Pennies, Hell Is for Heroes, Madigan, Dirty Harry, and The Enforcer and played Danny Taylor on The Reporter, Monty Nash on Monty Nash, and Hamilton Burger on The New Perry Mason) plays his best friend Johnny Templar. Gloria Talbott (starred in The Cyclops, Daughter of Dr. Jekyll,  and I Married a Monster From Outer Space and played Moneta on Zorro) plays Templar's fiance Jeanne Lauder. John Larkin (shown on the left, played Frank Dana on The Road of Life, Mike Karr on The Edge of Night, Mark Grainger on Saints and Sinners, and Maj. Gen. Wiley Crowe on 12 O'Clock High) plays Joe Kulak employee Ray Quist. Kelly Thordsen (Colorado Charlie on Yancy Derringer) plays Kulak attorney Edwin T. MacKane. William Bryant (see "Takeover" above) plays a Los Angeles detective. Paul Baxley (stunt coordinator on Riverboat, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters, T.H.E. Cat, Wonder Woman, and The Dukes of Hazzard) plays a boatman.

Season 3, Episode 26, "Pressure": Harold J. Stone (shown on the right, played John Kennedy on The Grand Jury, Hamilton Greeley on My World and Welcome to It, and Sam Steinberg on Bridget Loves Bernie) plays drug kingpin Louie Madikoff. Darryl Hickman (Dwayne Hickman's older brother, appeared in The Grapes of Wrath, The Way of All Flesh, The Human Comedy, Captain Eddie, Rhapsody in Blue, and The Tingler and played Cpl. Ben Canfield on The Americans) plays his son Danny. Booth Colman (see "The Death Tree" above) plays his rival Mike Pavanos. Collin Wilcox Paxton (see "Takeover" above) plays Pavanos' daughter Francie. Robert Carricart (Pepe Cordoza on T.H.E. Cat) plays New York mobster Lucky Luciano. Arthur Malet (appeared in Mary Poppins, In the Heat of the Night, and Heaven Can Wait and played Carl on Casablanca, Bobby on Easy Street, and Ryan on Dallas) plays soup kitchen operator Brother Adam. Jack Elam (Deputy J.D. Smith on The Dakotas, George Taggart on Temple Houston, Zack Wheeler on The Texas Wheelers, and Uncle Alvin Stevenson on Easy Street) plays Madikoff henchman Jug Alverson. Warren Oates (starred in In the Heat of the Night, The Wild Bunch, and Stripes and played Ves Painter on Stoney Burke) plays Detroit bomb maker Artie Krebs. Jon Lormer (see "The Fall Guy" above) plays board of education head Lawton Hollis.

Season 3, Episode 27, "Arsenal": Robert J. Wilke (appeared in Best of the Badmen, High Noon, The Far Country, Night Passage, and Stripes and played Capt. Mendoza on Zorro) plays gang leader George "Bugs" Moran. George Mathews (shown on the left, appeared in Pat and Mike, The Man With the Golden Arm, and Gunfight at the O.K. Corral and played Chick Rogers on Glynis) plays Nitti gunman Matt Malloy. Johnny Seven (Lt. Carl Reese on Ironside) plays Nitti henchman Lefty. Karl Swenson (Lars Hanson on Little House on the Prairie) plays Polish immigrant Stanley Zolinsky. Kevin Hagen (John Colton on Yancy Derringer, Inspector Dobbs Kobick on Land of the Giants, and Dr. Hiram Baker on Little House on the Prairie) plays his cousin Jan Tobek. Salome Jens (starred in Angel Baby, Seconds, and Harry's War and played Mae Olinski on Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, Claudia Chadway on Falcon Crest, Martha Kent on Super Boy, and Joan Campbell on Melrose Place) plays Tobek's wife Eva.

Season 3, Episode 28, "The Monkey Wrench": Dolores Dorn (wife of Franchot Tone and Ben Piazza, acting teacher at the American Film Institute and the Lee Strasburg Institute, starred in The Bounty Hunter, Uncle Vanya, Underworld U.S.A., and Truck Stop Women) plays border-town lake house owner Mady Kerner. Claude Akins (shown on the right, played Sonny Pruett on Movin' On and Sheriff Elroy P. Lobo on B.J and the Bear and on Lobo) plays loose-cannon mob operator Karl Hansa. Warren J. Kemmerling (Judge Rense on How the West Was Won) plays Joe Kulak lieutenant Dutch Schultz. Sheldon Allman (Mister Ed's singing voice on Mister Ed and Norm Miller on Harris Against the World) plays Kulak lieutenant Louie Kamen. Cliff Osmond (appeared in The Raiders, Kiss Me, Stupid, The Fortune Cookie, and The Front Page) plays Nitti henchman Barney Kova.

Season 4, Episode 1, "The Night They Shot Santa Claus": Joseph Mell (Bill Pence on Gunsmoke) plays orphanage Santa Claus and speakeasy manager Hap Levinson. Ruth White (appeared in To Kill a Mockingbird, Hang 'Em High, Charly, Midnight Cowboy, and The Reivers and played Bessie Bookbinder on The Magic Cottage) plays his wife Bertha. Murvyn Vye (Lionel on The Bob Cummings Show) plays speakeasy owner Mike Volney. Ed Asner (shown on the left, see "The Death Tree" above) plays bartender Jimmy Canada. Nita Talbot (Gloria on Man Against Crime, Mabel Spooner on Joe & Mabel, Lusti Weather on Bourbon Street Beat, Dora Miles on The Jim Backus Show, Marya on Hogan's Heroes, Judy Evans on Here We Go Again, Rose Casey on Supertrain, Delfina on General Hospital, and Rose on Starting From Scratch) plays former showgirl Renee Grayson. Barry Russo (Roy Gilroy on The Young Marrieds) plays Volney's chief rival Brikka. Russell Collins (appeared in Niagara, Bad Day at Black Rock, and Fail-Safe and played Owen Sharp on Many Happy Returns) plays orphanage manager Mr. Edges. Grace Lee Whitney (Janice Rand on Star Trek, the Star Trek feature films, Star Trek: Voyager, and Star Trek New Voyages) plays showgirl Penny. Isabel Jewell (appeared in Bondage, Here Comes the Groom, Go West Young Man, Gone With the Wind, Born to Kill, and Belle Starr's Daughter) plays wardrobe lady Sophie.

Season 4, Episode 2, "The Cooker in the Sky": Bill Zuckert (Arthur Bradwell on Mr. Novak and Chief Segal on Captain Nice) plays beer peddler Louis Tully. J.D. Cannon (Dr. Kevin McAllister on The Doctors and the Nurses, D.A. Ashley on The Defenders, Harry Briscoe on Alias Smith and Jones, and Chief Peter Clifford on McCloud) plays legendary New York inside man Joe Lassiter. Milton Selzer (see "Downfall" above) plays Tully's current inside man Harry Gordon. Anne Jackson (shown on the right, wife of actor Eli Wallach, Emmy nominee, appeared in So Young, So Bad, The Tiger Makes Out, Zig Zag, The Bell Jar, and The Shining, and played Rae Beeby on Everything's Relative) plays his wife Edna. Richard Bull (played the Seaview doctor on Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Thatcher on Nichols, and Nels Oleson on Little House on the Prairie) plays a hotel clerk. Bill Erwin (Joe Walters on My Three Sons and Glenn Diamond on Struck by Lightning) plays an auctioneer. Craig Duncan (Sgt. Stanfield/Banfield on Mackenzie's Raiders) plays construction foreman Jim Laffey.

Season 4, Episode 3, "The Chess Game": Richard Conte (appeared in A Walk in the Sun, 13 Rue Madeleine, Call Northside 777, Ocean's 11, and Lady in Cement and played Jeff Ryder on The Four Just Men) plays seafood company owner Ira Bauer. Barbara Barrie (shown on the left, played Ginny Crandall on Love of Life, Norma Brodnik on Diana, Elizabeth Miller on Barney Miller, Evelyn Stoller on Breaking Away, Ellen Hobbes on Tucker's Witch, Elizabeth Potter on Reggie, Aunt Margo on Double Trouble, and Helen Keane on Suddenly Susan) plays his secretary Cheryl Hines. Michael Constantine (appeared in The Last Mile, The Hustler, The Reivers, and My Big Fat Greek Wedding and played Jack Ellenhorn on Hey, Landlord, Principal Seymour Kaufman on Room 222, Judge Matthew Sirota on Sirota's Court, and Gus on My Big Fat Greek Life) plays speakeasy owner Marty Baltin. Murray Hamilton (see "The Whitey Steele Story" above) plays collection man Charley Mailer. Olan Soule (Aristotle "Tut" Jones on Captain Midnight, Ray Pinker on Dragnet (1952-59), Cal on Stagecoach West, the Hotel Carlton desk clerk on Have Gun -- Will Travel, and Fred Springer on Arnie and voiced Batman on The All-New Super Friends Hour, Challenge of the Superfriends, The World's Greatest SuperFriends, and Super Friends) plays federal lab worker Frank Casey. Ned Glass (appeared in West Side Story, Experiment in Terror, Charade, and The Fortune Cookie and played MSgt. Andy Pendleton on The Phil Silvers Show, Jerry Dale on Fair Exchange, Dr. Abraham Goldman on Ben Casey, Mr. Hastings on Please Don't Eat the Daisies, Sol Cooper on Julia, and Uncle Moe Plotnick on Bridget Loves Bernie) plays bookie bag man Howie Reif.

Season 4, Episode 4, "The Economist": Joseph Sirola (shown on the right, played Peter Nino on The Brighter Day, Jonathan Kaye on Hawaii Five-O, Dominick on The Magician, Tony Montefusco on The Montefuscos, and Sal Wolf on Wolf) plays bootlegger Vincent Tunis. Malachi Throne (Martin Phelps on Ben Casey, False Face on Batman, Noah Bain on It Takes a Thief, The Narrator on Lancelot Link: Secret Chimp, Ted Adamson on Search for Tomorrow, and The Narrator on Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light) plays his lieutenant Barrett. Henry Corden (Carlo on The Count of Monte Cristo, and Babbitt on The Monkees and did voicework on The Flintstones, Jonny Quest, The Atom Ant Show, The Banana Splits Adventure Hour and Return to the Planet of the Apes) plays his lieutenant Kroner. George Mathews (see "Arsenal" above) plays Tunis enforcer Charlie Grach. James T. Callahan (see the biography section for the 1962 post on Dr. Kildare) plays truck driver Miles Henning. A.G. Vitanza (Ramon on The Flying Nun) plays shop owner Mr. Sarro. Rae Allen (appeared in Damn Yankees, The Tiger Makes Out, and A League of Their Own and played Judge Betty Small on Soap, Lucy Fearing on The Fearing Mind, and Aunt Quintina Blundetto on The Sopranos) plays Sarro's daughter. Helen Kleeb (Miss Claridge on Harrigan and Son, Miss Tandy on Room 222, and Mamie Baldwin on The Waltons) plays a hospital nurse. Noam Pitlik (Bentley on I'm Dickens, He's Fenster, the pathologist on Ben Casey, Officer Swanhauser on Sanford and Son, and Victor Gianelli on The Bob Newhart Show, and directed multiple episodes of The Practice, Barney Miller, Taxi, Mr. Belvedere, and W) plays newspaper reporter Arthur Rhine. Ken Lynch (see the biography section for the 1961 post on Checkmate) plays a truck drivers' union official.

Season 4, Episode 5, "The Pea": Frank Gorshin (shown on the left, starred in Hot Rod Girl, Invasion of the Saucer Men, Where the Boys Are, and That Darn Cat and played the Riddler on Batman) plays waiter Herbie Catcher. Albert Paulson (appeared in All Fall Down, The Manchurian Candidate, and Gunn and played Dr. Janos Vargas on Doctors' Hospital, Anthony Korf on Stop Susan Williams, and Gen. Gastineau on General Hospital) plays his boss Max Zenner. Elizabeth MacRae (Lou-Ann Poovie on Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C., Meg Bentley on General Hospital, Phyllis Anderson and Barbara Randolph on Days of Our Lives, and Jozie on Search for Tomorrow) plays mobster's moll Bunny Colton. Davis Roberts (appeared in Hotel, Halls of Anger, and Demon Seed and played Dr. Caldwell on Sanford and Son and Reverend Teasdale on Palmerstown, U.S.A.) plays pool-room attendant Josh. Stefan Gierasch (Doc Bernstein on Nichols and Joshua Collins on Dark Shadows (1991)) plays Catcher's pool opponent Cooker. Sally Gracie (Pat Steel on The Nurses, Martha Allen on The Doctors, and Ina Hopkins on One Life to Live) plays hat-check girl Mae Denby. Bob Hoy (Joe Butler on The High Chaparral and Cliff on Our House) plays a mobster's henchman. Jason Wingreen (Dr. Aaron Clark on The Long, Hot Summer, Harry Snowden on All in the Family and Archie Bunker's Place, Judge Arthur Beaumont on Matlock, and Judge Matson on General Hospital) plays his partner.

Season 4, Episode 6, "Bird in the Hand": Carroll O'Connor (shown on the right, starred in A Fever in the Blood, Cleopatra, Point Blank, Kelly's Heroes, and Return to Me and played Archie Bunker on All in the Family and Archie Bunker's Place, Sheriff William Gillespie on In the Heat of the Night, Jacob Gordon on Party of Five, and Gus Stemple on Mad About You) plays mobster Arnie Kurtz. Nan Martin (appeared in The Mugger, Goodbye, Columbus, The Other Side of the Mountain, and Doctor Detroit and played Grace D'Angelo on Mr. Sunshine, Abigail Beckwithe on Santa Barbara, and Mrs. Louder on The Drew Carey Show) plays his wife Stella. Herschel Bernardi (see "Fall Guy" above) plays her brother Benno Fisk. Dane Clark (starred in Destination Tokyo, God Is My Co-Pilot, and That Way With Women and played Richard Adams on Justice, Dan Miller on Wire Service, Slate Shannon on Bold Venture, and Lt. Arthur Tragg on The New Perry Mason) plays Associate Surgeon General Dr. Victor Garr. John Gabriel (Andy Rivers on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Mr. Van Huyten on A Kind of Loving, Dr. Seneca Beaulac on Ryan's Hope, and Pete LeGrand on Days of Our Lives) plays his top assistant Dr. Dan Gifford. Bing Russell (see "The Whitey Steele Story" above) plays police Officer Cavanaugh. Elisha Cook, Jr. (starred in The Maltese Falcon, The Big Sleep, The Great Gatsby (1949), and The Killing and played Francis "Ice Pick" Hofstetler on Magnum P.I.) plays an infected musician. Harvey Korman (played various characters on The Carol Burnett Show, the voice of The Great Gazoo on The Flintstones, Harvey A. Kavanuagh on The Harvey Korman Show, Leo Green on Leo & Liz in Beverly Hills, and Reginald J. Tarkington on The Nutt House) plays a hospital resident. Bill Walker (appeared in Free for All, The Harlem Globetrotters, Jungle Drums of Africa, Take a Giant Step, and Kisses for My President and played Obadiah on Yancy Derringer) plays a train porter. Jennie Lynn (Jennie Baker on Love and Marriage) plays young girl Tina. Pat Rosson (Jerry Karr on The Young Marrieds) plays her play partner. John McLiam (see "The Ginnie Littlesmith Story" above) plays an infected truck driver. Theodore Marcuse (see "The Death Tree" above) plays Kurtz's New York contact. Hugh Sanders (see "Element of Danger" above) plays hospital infection ward manager Dr. Hasker.

Season 4, Episode 7, "The Eddie O'Gara Story": Robert J. Wilke (see "Arsenal" above) returns as gang leader George "Bugs" Moran. Mike Connors (shown on the left, appeared in Sky Commando, Day the World Ended, Swamp Women, Voodoo Woman, and Stagecoach and played Nick Stone on Tightrope, Joe Mannix on Mannix, and Ben Slater on Today's F.B.I.) plays double-crosser Eddie O'Gara. Meg Wyllie (Mary Elizabeth Kissell on The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters, Doris Roach and Lila Morgan Tolliver Quartermaine on General Hospital, and Aunt Lolly Stemple on Mad About You) plays Eddie's mother Mary. Sean McClory (see "The Whitey Steele Story" above) plays his brother Vince. Grant Richards (see "The Stryker Brothers" above) plays gunman Joe Aiello. Jason Wingreen (see "The Pea" above) plays rival gunman Phil "The Bartender" Benyas. Andy Albin (Andy Godsen on Julia) plays hobo Francis X. Guy Wilkerson (played Panhandle Perkins in 22 westerns) plays his friend Billy.

Season 4, Episode 8, "Elegy": John Larch (starred in The Wrecking Crew, Play Misty for Me, and Dirty Harry and who played Deputy District Attorney Jerry Miller on Arrest and Trial, Gerald Wilson on Dynasty, and Arlen & Atticus Ward on Dallas) plays dying bootlegger Charlie Radick. Peggy Ann Garner (appeared in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, The Pied Piper, Jane Eyre, Daisy Kenyon, and Thunder in the Valley and played Barbara Smith on Two Girls Named Smith) plays his estranged daughter Margaret. Barbara Stanwyck (shown on the right, see the biography section for the 1960 post on The Barbara Stanwyck Show) plays missing persons policewoman Lt. Agatha Steward. Virginia Capers (Tony Award winner, appeared in Lady Sings the Blues, Trouble Man, and Ferris Bueller's Day Off and played Delia Bonner on Downtown, Bertha Griffin-Lamour on Frank's Place, and Hattie Banks on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air) plays her assistant June. Ed Asner (see "The Death Tree" above) plays policeman Frank. Woodrow Parfrey (appeared in Planet of the Apes, Dirty Harry, and Papillon and played Holmes on Iron Horse) plays Margaret's former foster parent Fred Myerson. Charlotte Manson (long-time radio actress on soap operas such as Guiding Light and The Brighter Day as well as dramas such as Nick Carter, Master Detective) plays his wife Velma. Hope Summers (see the biography section for the 1961 post on The Andy Griffith Show) plays Margaret's former landlord Letta Hodges. Arthur Peterson (The Major on Soap) plays a priest. Sydney Smith (see "Silent Partner" above) plays Radick's doctor. Kathleen Mulqueen (see the biography section for the 1961 post on Dennis the Menace) plays an employment agency clerk.

Season 4, Episode 9, "Come and Kill Me": Dan Dailey (shown on the left, starred in Ziegfeld Girl, Mother Wore Tights, The Pride of St. Louis, There's No Business Like Show Business, It's Always Fair Weather, and Meet Me in Las Vegas and played Tim Collier on The Four Just Men, Gov. William Drinkwater on The Governor and J.J., and Frank Faraday on Faraday and Company) plays mob assassin trainer Dexter Lloyd Bayless. Paul Mantee (starred in Robinson Crusoe on Mars, Blood on the Arrow, and A Man Called Dagger and played Lt. Spalding on Days of Our Lives, Det. Al Corassa on Cagney & Lacey and Commander Clayton on Hunter) plays one of his graduates. Ted de Corsia (Police Chief Hagedorn on Steve Canyon) plays gang leader Nate Stryker. Ford Rainey (see the biography section for the 1961 post on Window on Main Street) plays former mob runner Julius Chavis. Angela Clarke (appeared in The Great Caruso, The Harlem Globetrotters, House of Wax, and The Interns) plays his wife Catherine. Bern Hoffman (Sam the bartender on Bonanza) plays a shipping dock foreman. Fran Behrens (husband of actor Amzie Strickland) plays florist Mr. Foster. Anthony Ray (Oscar-nominated producer of An Unmarried Woman as well as producer on Next Stop, Greenwich Village, The Rose, and Willie & Phil) plays assassin trainee Louis Mallet.

Season 4, Episode 10, "A Fist of Five": Lee Marvin (shown on the right, see "Element of Danger" above) plays fired policeman Mike Brannon. James Caan (starred in Brian's Song, The Godfather, Freebie and the Bean, The Godfather, Part II, Funny Lady, Rollerball, Misery, and Bottle Rocket and played Ed Deline on Las Vegas, Sy Berman on Magic City, and Terry Gannon, Sr. on Back in the Game) plays his brother Keir. Roy Thinnes (Dr. Phil Brewer on General Hospital, Ben Quick on The Long, Hot Summer, David Vincent on The Invaders, Dr. James Whitman on The Psychiatrist, Major Dana Holmes on From Here to Eternity, Nick Hogan on Falcon Crest, Teddy on 1st & Ten, and Roger Collins/Rev. Trask on Dark Shadows (1991)) plays his brother Denny. Michael Witney (Buck Coulter on The Travels of Jamie McPheeters and Frank Ward on Oil Strike North) plays his brother Sean. Mark Allen (Matt Kissel on The Travels of Jamie McPheeters and Sam Evans on Dark Shadows) plays his brother Clarence. Mary Adams (see the biography section for the 1961 post on Window on Main Street) plays their mother Kate. Tom Brown (see the biography section for the 1960 post on Mr. Lucky) plays Brannon's former supervisor Capt. Bellows. Frank DeKova (see "The Maggie Storm Story" above) plays mob boss Anthony "Tough Tony" Lamberto. Phyllis Coates (played Alice McDokes in 18 shorts, starred in Outlaws of Texas, Man From Sonora, Superman and the Mole-Men, Jungle Drums of Africa, and I Was a Teenage Frankenstein, and played Lois Lane on Adventures of Superman, Gloria on The Duke, Madge Allen on Professional Father, and Clarissa Holliday on This Is Alice) plays his wife Angela. Ralph Manza (Al Bonacorsi on The D.A.'s Man, Mike Costello on General Hospital, Jay Drury on Banacek, Ambulance Aide Stanke on A.E.S. Hudson, Padre Guardiano on Mama Malone, Bud on Newhart, and Father Lewis on Days of Our Lives) plays Lamberto lieutenant Max Templar. Marianna Hill (appeared in Roustabout, Paradise, Hawaiian Style, The Godfather: Part II, and High Plains Drifter and played Rita on The Tall Man) plays Denny's girlfriend Laurie Regan. Ric Roman (Capt. Briones on Zorro) plays top Lamberto lieutenant Augie Relyea.

Season 4, Episode 11, "The Floyd Gibbons Story": Scott Brady (shown on the left, see the biography section for the 1960 post on Shotgun Slade) plays flamboyant reporter Floyd Gibbons. Paul Langton (Leslie Harrington on Peyton Place) plays Chicago newspaper reporter Carleton Edmunds. Dorothy Malone (starred in Scared Stiff, Pushover, Young at Heart, Artists and Models, Written on the Wind, Man of a Thousand Faces, Too Much, Too Soon, and Basic Instinct and played Constance Mackenzie Carson on Peyton Place) plays his wife Kitty. Stuart Erwin (starred in Men Without Women, Make Me a Star, Women Are Trouble, and The Bride Came C.O.D. and played Stu Erwin on The Stu Erwin Show and Otto King on The Greatest Show on Earth) plays fellow reporter Barney Rich. Joseph Campanella (Dr. Ted Steffen on The Doctors and the Nurses, Brian Darrell on The Bold Ones: The Lawyers, Lew Wickersham on Mannix, Ed Cooper on One Day at a Time, Hutch Corrigan on The Colbys, Harper Deveraux on Days of Our Lives, Joe on That's Life, Judge Joseph Camp on The Practice, and Jonathan Young on The Bold and the Beautiful) plays former bootlegger Vince Dastille. Alan Baxter (appeared in Saboteur, Close-Up, Judgment at Nuremberg, and Paint Your Wagon) plays scrap steel exporter John Brecker. Norman Burton (Joe Atkinson on Wonder Woman and Burt Dennis on The Ted Knight Show) plays Brecker gunman Solly. Richard Bull (see "The Cooker in the Sky" above) plays Kitty's friend Jimmy.

Season 4, Episode 12, "Doublecross": Nehemiah Persoff (see "The Stryker Brothers" above) plays syndicate overlord Jake "Greasy Thumb" Guzik. Barry Russo (see "The Night They Shot Santa Claus" above) plays his gunman Sully. Kelton Garwood (Beauregard O'Hanlon on Bourbon Street Beat and Percy Crump on Gunsmoke) plays his other gunman Mac. Harry Morgan (shown on the right, starred in The Ox-Bow Incident, High Noon, Inherit the Wind, How the West Was Won, and The Apple Dumpling Gang and played Pete Porter on December Bride and Pete and Gladys, Seldom Jackson on Kentucky Jones, Bill Gannon on Dragnet 1967, H.M. Stafford on The D.A., Doc Amos B. Coogan on Hec Ramsey, Col. Sherman T. Potter on M*A*S*H and AfterMASH, Leonard Blacke on Blacke's Magic, and Martin Vanderhof on You Can't Take It With You) plays rival gang leader George "Bugs" Moran. John Kellogg (see "The Gang War" above) plays his top lieutenant Striber. Malachi Throne (see "The Economist" above) plays speakeasy owner Dancer. Dan Seymour (Ferrari on Casablanca) plays speakeasy owner Weisman. Bernard Fein (see "The Maggie Storm Story" above) plays speakeasy owner Louie Akers. Arthur Peterson (see "Elegy" above) plays rail yard operator Albert Lane. Hank Patterson (Fred Ziffel on Green Acres and Petticoat Junction and Hank Miller on Gunsmoke) plays rail yard janitor Peterson. Hugh Sanders (see "Element of Danger" above) plays Chicago freight yard manager Vince Parnell.